Meet the Tech Transfer Staff
Paul L. Oostburg Sanz
General Counsel and Strategic Advisor to APL Director
Paul Oostburg Sanz joined APL in September 2017 and has been working to enhance the Laboratory’s role as a bridge between cutting-edge technology companies and the U.S. government. In 2018, Paul lead the development of APL’s new technology transfer and commercialization strategy and assumed leadership of both Tech Transfer and the Office of Counsel.
Prior to joining APL, Paul was the General Counsel of the U.S. Department of the Navy. As the longest-serving politically appointed General Counsel of the Navy, he was the Navy’s Chief Legal Officer and advised senior Navy and Marine Corps officials in the annual obligation of more than $160 billion and the management of over 700,000 service members and civilians. Paul has also served as the General Counsel for the Committee on Armed Services in the U.S. House of Representatives (HASC) and the democratic Deputy Chief Counsel for the Committee on International Relations in the House (HIRC).
Paul earned a Bachelor of Science from Georgetown University, a Master in Public Affairs from Princeton University, and a Juris Doctor from Harvard Law School. He was twice awarded the Navy’s Distinguished Public Service Award and received the Secretary of Defense’s Medal for Outstanding Public Service.
Norma Lee Todd
Norma Lee Todd serves as the head of Tech Transfer, managing its intellectual property portfolio and technology commercialization. She is an accomplished leader with over 25 years of experience in technology transfer, engineering, engineering management, and project management.
Norma Lee provides leadership for Tech Transfer in strategy, management, and policy, and has led the negotiation of over 300 license agreements. Prior to joining APL, she worked in the aerospace industry for 15 years. She holds a master’s degree in technology management.
Jim Broskow is responsible for APL’s partnerships with institutions and industry that align with the Laboratory’s strategic initiatives, enabling highly innovative research and development efforts and creation of new applications for technology that support APL’s mission. He works on behalf of APL’s mission areas and central lab management to engage external entities for collaboration.
Jim has more than 25 years of experience in technical, program management, and business strategy roles at APL and in commercial industry. He was responsible for corporate business development in the defense industry at Motorola and has managed programs at APL spanning defense and intelligence community efforts in communications, mobility, cybersecurity, and artificial intelligence.
Jim received his B.S. in mechanical engineering from the Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology and his M.B.A. from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University.
Ed Chalfin oversees a diverse portfolio of technologies with commercial potential. He has over 40 years of experience in technology-based entrepreneurship and has founded a number of technology start-ups, including Integrated Circuit Designs, Inc. (ICD) in 1995, which was acquired by Texas Instruments Incorporated (TI) in 2007.
Ed has extensive experience as an analog integrated circuit design engineer, managing TI’s Low Power RF Baltimore group and working for industry leaders such as Allied Signal Aerospace’s Microelectronic and Technology Center, Sprague Electric Semiconductor Division, and Pulsecom.
Ed received an M.S. in business management from Johns Hopkins University and a B.S.E.E. from Pennsylvania State University. He is the holder of four patents in analog integrated circuit design and is a two-time winner of the Allied Signal Technical Achievement Award.
Kedong Chao manages an extensive portfolio of intellectual property ready for commercialization, including space, electronics, and communications technologies. Additionally, he manages APL’s IP Capture program, which identifies and seeks technologies that warrant disclosure. Kedong has more than 25 years of experience in spaceflight hardware development and deployment and has partnered successfully with numerous companies on hardware design, fabrication, qualification, and delivery to APL. He has worked on eight spacecraft and served as the system assurance manager for two spacecraft designed and developed by APL: Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) and Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO). He has a B.S. in electrical engineering from the University of Colorado.
Heather Curran focuses on facilitating the commercialization of technologies developed within APL’s National Health Mission Area. Leveraging more than 20 years in technology transfer and previous experience in business development, marketing, and start-up management, she also facilitates research and development partnerships with industry, academia, and the U.S. government. Heather has a B.S. in biology from the University of Maryland and an M.S. in biotechnology from Johns Hopkins University.
Susan Ehrlich manages a portfolio of intellectual property focused on advanced materials science applied to cutting-edge solutions in multiple strategic thrust areas:
- Advanced Science and Technology Development
- Alternative Computing Paradigms
- Biological and Chemical Sciences
- Human and Machine Intelligence
- Robotics and Autonomy
- Science of Extreme and Multifunctional Materials
- Signature, Electromagnetics, and Energy Research
Susan has more than 25 years of experience developing and commercializing technologies for a $2 billion specialty materials company. She has had roles in research and development, technical customer support, applications development, marketing, business development, and business leadership. Susan led an Incubator Technologies Group, developing and commercializing step-out technologies into nascent markets, and has been awarded several patents and research awards for her contributions.
Susan received her M.S.E. in materials science engineering and her B.S.E. in chemical engineering from Johns Hopkins University. She also serves on the Board of Trustees of the Maryland Science Center and on the Advisory Board of the Johns Hopkins University Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department.
Leslie Martinelli has more than 15 years of experience in a variety of technology transfer capacities, including licensing and managing APL intellectual property. She interfaces at all organizational levels to obtain concurrence on technology transfer activities and leads support for the Intellectual Property Review Committee (IPRC). She is responsible for licensing to the U.S. government and industry, coordinates interinstitutional agreements, and manages post-license agreement compliance. Leslie also contributes to the planning and forecasting of APL’s intellectual property patent portfolio.